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POLONIA: THE GREATER LOWELL 
AMERICAN COMMUNITY PAST & PRESENT
 
 
war, immigrated to Lowell.  They benefited from the experiences and support of the established community, and in turn, offered fresh insights and renewed enthusiasm for Polish culture.

     The process of assimilation continued. Intermarriages, movement out of ethnic neighborhoods, and wider educational opportunities, caused many to change their involvement with Polonia.  Some remained committed within Polonia, while others served both Polonia and the Greater Lowell community.  Community wide political involvement came to maturation in 1954 with the election of John J. Janas as Lowell's first mayor of Polish descent and later, State Representative.

     Lowell's Polonia of today is quite different than that of 1900, with a trickle of newcomers infusing a different quality.  One arriving from Poland at the turn of the century might well have brought news of someone's family, village gossip, or report on the status of a homestead left behind.  Contemporary immigrants serve as a link to world events and are a nostalgic reminder of the culture and language of grandparents and great grandparents.  There are many layers to Polonia.  There remains a small layer which is still deeply tied to Poland.  Other layers are defined by their degree of assimilation and/ or

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