22. Samuel Wood House, 648 Central St., ca. 1872.
Samuel Wood, a wholesale grain merchant, erected Chapel
Hill's most stylish Second empire house, sited prominently
on a large lot in Hosford Square. In addition to the mansard
roof, the hallmarkof the style , noteworthy features include
flush wood siding scored to simulate stone, carved entrance
doors, rope molding and rnamental ironwork. In the early
20th century, the house was used as a children's Home.
23. Lyon Street School, 920 Central St., 1876.
The handsome Italianate facade of the Lyon School,
evidence in the paired round-arched windows with molded
caps, and bracketed cornice, attests to the prosperity and
pride in civic architecture the city enjoyed in the post-Civil
War decades. By 1876, the number of Irish workers
settling on Chapel Hill had increased significantly.